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Non-Resident Landlord Withholding Tax (NLWT) Guide: Understanding Rental Income Taxation for Non-Resident Landlords in Ireland

Are you a non-resident landlord with rental properties in Ireland? Or perhaps you’re an individual or company representing non-resident landlords in managing their rental income? If so, it’s crucial to stay informed about the latest legislative changes that will affect you starting from July 1, 2023. One such change is the introduction of the Non-Resident Landlord Withholding Tax (NLWT) system.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through the key aspects of the NLWT system, explaining what it entails, how it impacts non-resident landlords, and the pivotal role of collection agents in ensuring compliance with the new regulations. With our expert insights, you’ll gain a clear understanding of NLWT, empowering you to navigate the evolving landscape of non-resident landlord taxation with confidence.

Understanding Non-Resident Landlord Withholding Tax (NLWT)

As a non-resident landlord generating rental income in Ireland, it’s important to fulfill your tax obligations. The Non-Resident Landlord Withholding Tax (NLWT) system is designed to help you comply with taxes and simplify the reporting process for both landlords and tenants.

NLWT ensures that non-resident landlords pay the right amount of tax on their rental income from Irish properties. It does this by withholding a portion of the rent and remitting it to the Irish Revenue. The goal is to promote fairness, transparency, and tax compliance in the rental sector.

Here’s how NLWT benefits you:

  1. Encourages Tax Compliance: NLWT motivates you to fulfill your tax obligations by accurately calculating, withholding, and remitting the applicable tax on your rental income.
  2. Promotes Transparency: The system brings transparency to the rental sector by ensuring that rental income is properly reported and taxed.
  3. Levels the Playing Field: NLWT ensures that all landlords, regardless of their residency, meet their tax obligations consistently and fairly.
  4. Preserves Tax System Integrity: By implementing NLWT, the Irish Revenue safeguards the integrity of the tax system, reducing the risk of tax evasion or underreporting of rental income.

NLWT simplifies the tax reporting process for non-resident landlords, providing a clear framework for compliance. It facilitates the collection and remittance of tax on rental income, contributing to a fair and efficient rental market while maintaining the integrity of the Irish tax system. In the next section, we will explore the role of collection agents under the NLWT system, explaining how they assist non-resident landlords in fulfilling their tax obligations effectively.

The Role of Collection Agents

Navigating the tax requirements as a non-resident landlord can be complex, especially when it comes to withholding and remitting the correct amount of tax on rental income. This is where collection agents come into play. A collection agent is a trusted intermediary who assists non-resident landlords in fulfilling their tax obligations effectively. Let’s take a closer look at the role they play:

  1. Rent Collection: Collection agents act as intermediaries between non-resident landlords and tenants. They collect rent on behalf of landlords, ensuring a smooth and hassle-free payment process.
  2. Tax Withholding: One of the key responsibilities of collection agents is to withhold the appropriate amount of tax from rental payments. Under the NLWT system, collection agents withhold 20% of the rent and remit it to the Irish Revenue. This ensures that the tax liability of non-resident landlords is properly addressed.
  3. Rental Notifications (RNs): Collection agents submit Rental Notifications (RNs) to the Irish Revenue for each rent payment made to non-resident landlords. These notifications provide details of the rental transaction, including the amount withheld and other relevant information. By submitting RNs, collection agents keep the tax authorities informed about the rental income and facilitate accurate tax reporting.
  4. Tax Return Assistance: While collection agents handle the withholding and remittance of tax, non-resident landlords are still required to file an annual Income Tax Return (Form 11). However, collection agents with expertise in tax matters can go the extra mile by becoming tax agents. This allows them to assist their clients by submitting the annual tax return on their behalf, making the process even more convenient.
  5. Record-Keeping: Collection agents maintain meticulous records of rental transactions, ensuring proper documentation of rental income and tax withheld. These records serve as a valuable resource for non-resident landlords when it comes time to file their tax returns or address any queries from the tax authorities.

By engaging the services of a collection agent, non-resident landlords can benefit from their expertise and experience in handling tax matters. Collection agents play a vital role in ensuring accurate tax compliance, reducing the burden on landlords, and promoting transparency in the rental sector. Here at Young’s we are available to act as a collecting agent, you can find out more by contacting our offices our submitting a contact form.

Rental Notifications and Withholding Tax

RNs are important records that collection agents submit to the Irish Revenue when they receive rental payments on behalf of non-resident landlords. These notifications contain essential details such as the landlord’s information, property’s ID, and tax reference number. Collection agents have three options for submitting RNs:

  1. Single RN Input: Agents manually enter each rental transaction for smaller volumes of transactions.
  2. Repeat RNs: For recurring rental payments, agents set up repeat RNs at monthly intervals to streamline the process.
  3. Bulk Uploads: Agents handling larger volumes of transactions can submit multiple RNs simultaneously through a CSV file.

By utilizing these options, collection agents efficiently manage rental notifications, ensuring accurate reporting of rental income.

Withholding Tax: Collection agents withhold 20% of rental payments as withholding tax before remitting the remaining rent to non-resident landlords. This tax serves two purposes:

  1. Ensuring Tax Compliance: Collection agents play a crucial role in ensuring non-resident landlords fulfill their tax obligations by deducting and remitting the withholding tax. This promotes compliance and transparency in the rental sector.
  2. Credits for Landlords: Non-resident landlords can claim the withheld amount as a tax credit on their annual Income Tax Return (Form 11), offsetting their overall tax liability.

Tenants who directly pay rent to non-resident landlords are also responsible for withholding 20% of the rental payment and submitting it to the Irish Revenue. By implementing rental notifications and withholding tax, the NLWT system enhances tax compliance, simplifies reporting, and promotes transparency for non-resident landlords and tenants.

Obligations of Non-Resident Landlords and Collection Agents

The NLWT system imposes certain obligations on non-resident landlords and collection agents to ensure proper tax compliance. Let’s delve into the obligations of each party:

Non-Resident Landlords:

  1. Income Tax Return (Form 11): Non-resident landlords are required to file an annual Income Tax Return (Form 11) that includes all their income, including rental income. Previously, collection agents fulfilled this obligation, but with NLWT, landlords assume responsibility for reporting their rental income accurately.
  2. Expense Claims: Non-resident landlords can claim relief for allowable expenses incurred in generating rental profit. These expenses may include property maintenance, repairs, insurance, and management fees. Consult the NLWT guidelines for detailed information on eligible expenses.
  3. Optional Tax Agent Registration: Experienced collection agents can choose to become tax agents, enabling them to submit annual returns on behalf of their non-resident landlord clients. To become a tax agent, registration is required, along with a Tax Advisory Identification Number (TAIN) and ROS digital certificate.

By fulfilling these obligations, non-resident landlords ensure compliance with Irish tax regulations and accurate reporting of their rental income.

Collection Agents:

  1. Rental Collection and Remittance: Collection agents play a crucial role in collecting rental payments on behalf of non-resident landlords. They withhold 20% of the rent payments and remit this amount to the Irish Revenue, along with a Rental Notification (RN) through the NLWT system.
  2. Rental Notifications (RNs): Collection agents are responsible for submitting RNs to the Irish Revenue upon receiving rental payments. RNs provide detailed information about the rental transaction and the amount of withholding tax remitted.
  3. Record-Keeping: Collection agents must maintain accurate records of rental transactions, including RNs, to ensure transparency and facilitate proper tax reporting.

By fulfilling these obligations, collection agents facilitate smooth operation of the NLWT system, ensuring accurate tax compliance on behalf of non-resident landlords.


In conclusion, the Non-Resident Landlord Withholding Tax (NLWT) system is a vital mechanism in ensuring tax compliance and transparency for non-resident landlords in Ireland. By implementing NLWT, the Irish Revenue aims to streamline tax collection processes and promote accountability in the rental market.

Throughout this blog, we have explored the key aspects of NLWT and its impact on non-resident landlords and collection agents. Let’s recap the main points:

  • NLWT requires non-resident landlords to fulfill obligations such as filing an annual Income Tax Return (Form 11) and claiming eligible expenses.
  • Collection agents play a pivotal role in NLWT by collecting rental payments, withholding tax, and submitting Rental Notifications (RNs) to the Irish Revenue.
  • Engaging the services of a collection agent offers benefits such as professional management of rental income and ensuring accurate tax compliance.
  • NLWT fosters tax compliance, transparency, and accountability within the rental market, contributing to a robust and fair sector.

To navigate the complexities of NLWT effectively, it is recommended to consult with tax professionals or reach out to the Irish Revenue for personalized guidance tailored to your specific circumstances.

By fulfilling their obligations and leveraging the expertise of collection agents, non-resident landlords can contribute to a thriving rental sector while meeting their tax responsibilities.

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